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Senate Journal 1830 (30-318509-P165A.pdf)

XVII therefore in any tolerable degree perfect and permanent, is a task that has baffled human experience and human effort in past ages of the world.

Such is the constitution of human nature in its best estate, that the Individual is inclined to seek his own objects and purposes of happiness in modes and channels inconsistent with those of the whole community. Hence the insecurity of vesting permanent power, for the purposes of Government, in the hands of Individuals or a combination of Individuals, less than a larger part of the whole, who are designed to form a social compact. But in this form of Society, the insecurity incident to that, where the power has been deposited with an Individual, or a limited number of Individuals, becomes doubly insecure, from the difficulties attendant on the Exercise of powers thus retained in the whole body of the community; and the usual result has been, that monarchy and Aristocracy prevailed, and seemed under such circumstances best calculated for the purposed of society, as ell as to stand the test of time. It has been left to our own age, and to our own Country, successfully to bring into beings a form of Government, that leaves the power rested in the Majority, and delegates the exercise of it, to Individuals for short and limited periods of time, restrained by chartered Rules, suggested by the experience of ages, and matured, approved and ratified by the consent of the majority, and to be observed and kept until dispensed on altered by the same mode. This form of social compact has obtained the application of Republican, because, because it is supposed practically to consult the equal happiness and welfare of the whole, instead of a part of a community. And in as much as its objects ought not to extend beyond those included in the compact, its powers are to be exercised wit ha single eye to promote the happiness of the nation who formed it. The Individual belonging to such a Government is bound to banish and discard all selfish desires and sectional interest, inconsistent with

Description: The journal of the Senate documents the proceedings in the chamber, including actions taken on bills, petitions and reports from committees read, and votes taken. The journals are not transcripts and therefore do not include floor speeches that are found in the modern Legislative Records.

Link to document in Digital Maine

Language: English

Date: 1830

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